- February 26 - As U.S. officials intensify their arm-twisting
offensive to gather support for a war on Iraq, the Institute for
Policy Studies is releasing a new study today that examines the
specific levers of U.S. military, economic, and political power.
entitled "Coalition of the Willing or Coalition of the Coerced?,"
looks at how this leverage applies to each current member of the
UN Security Council. It also analyzes the power the U.S. government
exerts over the broader group of countries that the Bush Administration
has dubbed the "Coalition of the Willing." Although the Administration
refuses to release a list of the members of this coalition, the
authors compiled a list of 34 nations cited in press reports as
supporters of the U.S. position on Iraq.
Bush Administration claims that the anonymous "Coalition of the
Willing" is the basis of genuine multilateralism, the report shows
that most were recruited through coercion, bullying, and bribery.
of access to U.S. export markets is a powerful lever for influence
over many countries, including Chile and Costa Rica, both of which
are close to concluding free trade deals with the United States;
African nations that want to maintain U.S. trade preferences;
and Mexico, which depends on the U.S. market for about 80 percent
of its export sales.
of the countries in the so-called "Coalition of the Willing" make
up only about 10 percent of the world's population. Opponents
of the U.S. position currently include the leading economies of
four continents (Germany, Brazil, China, and South Africa).
could make or break the chances of Eastern European members of
the "Coalition of the Willing" that are eager to become members
of NATO. In order for these nations to join the military alliance,
Bush must ask the Senate for approval.
of the 13-page study include: IPS UN and Middle East expert Phyllis
Bennis, IPS Director John Cavanagh, and IPS Fellow Sarah Anderson.
According to Bennis, "It's hardly a new phenomenon for the U.S.
to use bribes and threats to get its way in the UN. What's new
this time around is the breathtaking scale of those pressures
-- because this time around, global public opinion has weighed
in, and every government leaning Washington's way faces massive
opposition at home."
is available at: www.ips-dc.org/coalition.htm
for Policy Studies
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Tel: 202/234-9382, Fax: 202/387-7915