- July 19 - "Yesterday's action by the Senate Appropriations Committee
restoring full International Military Education and Training (IMET) for Indonesia
sets back the pursuit of justice for East Timor, as well as military reform and
democracy in Indonesia. It gives a green light for the Indonesian military (TNI)
to continue its escalating use of brutal tactics against civilians, especially
in Aceh and West Papua.
"The Indonesian military (TNI) undoubtedly will take the restoration of
prestigious U.S. military training as an endorsement of business as usual and
as U.S. support for continued abuse of human rights. The Senators who voted to
restore full IMET have effectively given U.S. backing to continued gross violations
of human rights.
"In the name of the 'war on terrorism,' the Senate committee will only
promote the continued terrorization of the Indonesian people by its military.
"We strongly urge the House of Representatives and the full Senate to
restore the IMET ban before the final version of the foreign operations appropriations
"We thank Senator Leahy and others on the committee who supported the
continued restriction of IMET."
On July 19, 2002, the Senate Committee on Appropriations accepted an amendment
by Senators Inouye (D-HI) and Stevens (R-AK) to lift restrictions on International
Military Education and Training (IMET) for Indonesia in the Fiscal Year 2003 Foreign
Operations Appropriations Bill. Before becoming law, the legislation must pass
the full Senate, as well as the House of Representatives Appropriations Committee
and the full House. Then any differences between the two bills must be reconciled
before the legislation is sent to the President.
Congress first voted to restrict IMET for Indonesia, which brings foreign military
officers to the U.S. for training, in response to the November 12, 1991 Santa
Cruz massacre of more than 270 civilians in East Timor. All military ties were
severed in September 1999 as the Indonesian military and its militia proxies razed
East Timor following its pro-independence vote. Congress first passed the "Leahy
conditions" in late 1999 and strengthened them last November. The FY00 through
FY02 foreign operations appropriations laws required president to certify that
Indonesia had met these conditions before regular IMET and Foreign Military Finance
(FMF) weapons sales were restored for Indonesia. Last year, Congress allowed civilians
from Indonesia's defense ministry to participate in the Expanded IMET program,
which involves course work in such areas as civilian control of the military and
human rights. The current Senate bill continues to restrict FMF for Indonesia
and places conditions on its restoration.
see also "Leahy Conditions on Restrictions of Military Assistance for
Indonesia Have Not Been Met": http://www.etan.org/news/2002a/07leahy.htm.
"NGOs Urge Congress
to Renew Restrictions on Military Training and Weapons Sales to Indonesia":